Nutrition and Kidney Disease

Maintaining a kidney friendly diet is an important part of slowing kidney disease. Here are two common problems:  high blood pressure and diabetes – both major risk factors.

Quite simply, eating kidney friendly foods and maintaining a balance of fluids in your body will help to keep your weight under control. This may also keep your blood pressure where it should be. Eating three balanced meals a day will also regulate your blood sugar. You may also need a snack at night.  This is especially important if you have diabetes.

Kidney/Diabetic Friendly Eating Tips

  • A good rule of thumb is to consume foods that are low in salt, fat and sugar.
  • Read the “Nutrition Facts” label on food/beverage items. Check the sodium, sugar and total fat amounts.
  • Avoid canned items, as these often have a high sodium content – greater than 140 mg per serving .
  • When cooking with oils, choose olive or canola oil.
  • Eat baked or fresh, rather than fried foods.
  • When eating meat, choose lean cuts, chicken or fish.
  • Eat appropriate serving sizes, not double or large portions.
  • Talk to your primary care physician, Indiana Kidney Specialist Physician or registered dietitian about what you should be eating each day to be as healthy as you can.

The National Kidney Foundation website has many great-tasting, healthy recipes. They also have a section called “My Food Coach” to help you manage your nutrition.