Risk Factors

Kidney Disease Risk Factors

Kidney disease can affect anyone at any age. There are, however, several risk factors that contribute to kidney disease. Some are controllable, while others are not. Some factors that you cannot control are; Age (being 65 and older), having a family history of kidney disease and your ethnic background. If you are of African-American, Native American, Asian or Hispanic ancestry, you have a higher incidence rate of kidney disease.

The two most common risk factors for kidney disease are having high blood pressure and/or diabetes (type 1 or 2). Over time both of these conditions can damage your kidneys – often without showing symptoms.

Others risk factors that you have some control of include:

  • Smoking
  • Heart disease
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol

Checking your blood pressure regularly, scheduling yearly visits with your primary care physician and having routine blood work and urine tests are important in preventing and detecting kidney disease. This becomes essential if you have one of the noted risk factors. Kidney disease is reversible – so prevention is the best tool.